Following on from the thread about rotary valved instruments and the rules for the intruments used in brass band contests - who decided the score formation?. Found an interesting article about Adoph Sax, inventor of the Saxhorn and founder of brass band instruments at http://www.saxgourmet.com/adolph-sax.html and this explains how brass band instruments took over from woodwind in military bands in France in the mid 1800s. But how was the British Brass Band formation decided? It there a direct relationship between orchestras e.g. cornets in lieu of violins, tubas in lieu of string bass etc? It has become standardised but what came first, was the music written for existing band formations or did the bands form based on the scored requirements?